Historically, Italy has been characterised by a marked divide between North and South, with the latter constantly lagging behind in development.
However, although it can be pointed out that the socio-economic situation in the South is the main cause of many of the differences at the national level, neither the North nor the South can be considered in homogeneous and monolithic terms. Within these areas, there are profound differences, specific strengths and weaknesses, and untapped potential.
The report, commissioned by FEPS and FES, measures various dimensions of inequality and identifies "four Italies" and "three Mezzogiornos", and after an in-depth analysis of the various facets of the different areas, it proposes precise policy recommendations to remedy the country's socio-economic disparities.
Visit FES website and discover the clusters' map
ℹ️ This report is part of a Policy Study series produced by FEPS and the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. The indicators have been selected in collaboration with researchers from the Institut für Landes- und Stadtentwicklungsforschung. Check all the Unequal Europe publications here