Historically, Italy has been characterised by a marked divide between North and South, with the latter constantly lagging behind in development.
However, although it can be pointed out that the socio-economic situation in the South is the main cause of many of the differences at the national level, neither the North nor the South can be considered in homogeneous and monolithic terms. Within these areas, there are profound differences, specific strengths and weaknesses, and untapped potential.
The report, commissioned by FEPS and FES, measures various dimensions of inequality and identifies "four Italies" and "three Mezzogiornos", and after an in-depth analysis of the various facets of the different areas, it proposes precise policy recommendations to remedy the country's socio-economic disparities.
Visit FES website and discover the clusters' map
Unequal Italy is the result of a European collaboration, the Unequal Europe Project, led by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung and the Foundation for European Progressive Studies at the European level. The project has previously produced a similar analysis in Germany, Finland, and Romania. Analysis are currently underway in Sweden and Estonia. The indicators have been selected in collaboration with researchers from the Institut für Landes- und Stadtentwicklungsforschung.