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A Pyramid of Multilateral Confidence-Building Measures in the Middle East

February 02, 2021
Author: Neil Qulliam, Sanam Vakil

The mutation of local, national and regional conflicts has increased regional security tensions and challenges in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Without effective leadership or institutions to manage these crises, the MENA will continue to suffer from instability posing security challenges to the region and beyond. In this paper, the authors propose a pathway to address overlapping conflicts through the creation of two concomitant processes that rely on confidence building measures.

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