It took us a global pandemic to realise that we depend on care. But despite all the clapping from the balconies, care workers continue to work in precarious and vulnerable conditions. In the EU, carers earn on average 65% of the national average employee income.

Who are the ones at the forefront? 70% of health and social carers are WOMEN. Women suffer from a severe lack of recognition of their paid and unpaid care work.

Most care work is not even paid at all. The essential everyday tasks in our homes, performed by an overwhelming majority of women, remain unacknowledged.

Our economies, our lives, cannot go on forgetting that paid and unpaid caregivers are the ones that cover our most basic needs. We need to move away from a profit-driven model of growth to a care-driven model.

It’s time for a care revolution! We need to #Care4Care!

The Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS), together with its member foundations, has been intensively working since November 2019 to monitor the EU gender equality policy agenda through a progressive lens focusing particularly on its care dimensions.




Care Workers' Voices


FEPS Talks Podcast


FEPS President Maria João Rodrigues Contribution to PES Women Campaign #MakeHerCount for Equal Pay

On the occasion of the 25th of November marking the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women, the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and the Fondation Jean Jaurès join forces to publish a series of publications authored by gender equality experts and civil society representatives to shed light on specific dimensions of gender-based violence and to foster a debate on how to fight it.

1 in 5 women have been victim of maltreatment during childhood and 1 in 3 women have suffered physical or sexual violence at least once in their lifetime (according to UN Women and WHO). Gender-based violence is both the cause and result of gender inequality.

This constant and blatant form of discrimination women face everyday and everywhere across the world regardless of their background not only concerns gender-based violence such as domestic violence, rape or femicides but also sexual and sexist harassment at school, at work, in public spaces and more and more in online spaces, following victims at any time. This scourge has been severely exacerbated due to the COVID-19 pandemic leading to a dangerous surge of a longstanding and deeply rooted problem.

#1 Femicides: naming the phenomenon to better combat itIn the very first article of this #StopGBV Publication Series, Margot Giancinti, Ph.D. researcher in political science in the École Normale Supérieure of Lyon and temporary lecturer and research assistant in Université Lyon-2, looks back at the history of the concept of femicide in the world and the need to name femicides to better fight against sexual and sexist violence.of its legal recognition.

#2 Sexist and sexual violence in the workplace: lessons for public policies. In the publication co-authored by Sylvie Cromer (sociologist) and Adeline Raymond (social and occupational psychologist), the focus is placed on sexual and sexist violence at work.

#3 Progressive pathways to a Europe free from violence against women: Mapping the EU's institutional and policy mazeIn this third article part of this FEPS-Fondation Jean Jaurès #StopGBV Publication Series, Hannah Manzur (PhD candidate researching gender, violence and Brexit, City, University of London) offers a comprehensive overview on the EU legislative and policy framework available to tackle violence against women and girls whislt identifying the main opportunities, gaps and challenges on the path towards a Europe free from violence.

#4 Naming it, fighting it: a multi-level analysis of digital gender-based violence: In this article, Chiara De Santis and Lilia Giugni, co-founders of GenPol (Gender & Policy Insights), a think tank specialized in gender equality, focus on digital gender-based violence, their scope and existing EU legal frameworks to combat them. The authors also provide policy recommendations on how to step up the fight for the elimination of online forms of gender-based violence.

#5 Violence against lesbians, bi women and trans people: adapting the public response to the diversity of LGBTI+ life experiencesIn order to showcase the breath of gender-based violence and its link to gendered inequalities, FEPS and Fondation Jean Jaurès join forces for this series of publications on the fight to eliminate sexist and sexual violence. In this article, Flora Bolter (co-director of the LGBTI+ observatory of Foundation Jean Jaurès, political scientist and activist) focuses on the gendered nature of LB-phobic violence and violence against trans and intersex people. She offers an overview on their scope in France and in Europe before concluding with the necessary public response to effectively combat them.


In the aftermath of the sovereign debt crisis, the architecture of economic and financial governance in the European Union changed at an unprecedented pace. Member States have put in place crucial pillars of the Banking Union and the Capital Markets Union.

Nevertheless, progress on both projects has slowed down. As the new European Commission takes office, the work towards reforming the Economic and Monetary Union will likely revive. Agreed plans to attain banking and financial integration have not yet been completed; plus additional institutional and policy arrangements could become handy to contain systemic risk, shall a new crisis hit European markets

FEPS, in partnership with the University of the West of England – Bristol, the Rockslide University and the Financial Markets Group at the London School of Economics, organised on the 11th September on a conference titled “De-risking the Future of Europe”, held at the LSE. The publications published afther these discussions intend to shed some light on this relevant debate. These four papers set forward a balanced appraisal of the development of the EU’s Economic and Monetary Union and, crucially, the authors elucidate avenues for future reform.

Jakob Vestergaard and Daniela Gabor co-author three policy briefs in which they spell out their vision on how collateral policies should be implemented differently by the ECB. They argue against the ECB’s involvement in the fiscal disciplining of EU member states through collateral policies. In their view, disciplinary central banking along such lines would be destabilising, economically as well as politically. Instead, the authors posit that collateral policies should be unequivocally non-discriminatory and countercyclical if the ECB is to play market-maker of last resort role in times of crisis. Furthermore, in light of the financial shock brought about by the Covid-19 pandemic, the authors call for the ECB to temporary suspend its practices of haircut differentiation and daily margin calls.

Read the Policy Briefs:

Should Central Banks Discipline Governments

Confronting ECB’ Austerity Mandate

Collateral Easing with Disciplinary Dysfunction

In a similar vein, Gabor identifies three pillars of a progressive approach to greening the European financial system: ensure stricter identification of green vs brown financial products, climate-align the ECB and impose a green FTT.

Read Greening the European Financial System

Vestergaard is joined by Stine Quorning in analysing the existing supervision mechanisms within the EU’s banking union. The authors warn that the omission of shadow banking from the supervision mandate given to the Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM) must be rectified. They urge policymakers to expand the mandate of the SSM to include shadow banking institutions in its supervision. Furthermore, the authors propose upgrading the mandate of the European Systemic Risk Board from monitoring to supervision as well as the establishment of a European Financial Supervision Authority.

Read Establishing a European Supervision

Aitor Erce, on the other hand, reviews the existing process leading to sovereign debt restructuring and identifies several aspects that limit its effectiveness and credibility. Erce suggests that the process should be reformed in order to incorporate more accurate technical tools and a more transparent governance framework, one that separates technical from political decisions.

Read Sovereign Debt Restructuring in the Euro Area

Even before the pandemic, 23 million children in the EU were at risk of poverty and social exclusion. The pandemic has further exacerbated children inequality and it is now time for the European Union to act.

On the occasion of the World Children’s Day (November 20), more than 300 prominent figures from the world of politics, academia and civil society have joined a Call to demand a rapid entry into force of the European Child Guarantee and a Next Generation EU funding that truly works for Europe’s next generations.

A Call for a Child Union

Op-ed in Euractiv by Brando Benifei, head of the S&D group’s Italian Delegation and Rapporteur on the European Child Guarantee; Maria João Rodrigues, president of the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS); Agnes Jongerius, head of the S&D Group’s Dutch Delegation, chair of Social Europe Network of the Party of European Socialists (PES); Christophe Rouillon, president of the PES Group in the European Committee of the Regions.

Policy Study

Policy Study ‘Towards a Child Union’: Study carried out by FEPS in partnership with Progresiva Foundation (Slovenia), Pablo Iglesias Foundation (Spain), Reggio Children (Italy) and the Institute for Social Democracy(Hungary)

Past events

On the same topic

Take part in the call for best practices on Childhood policies of the Group of the Party of European Socialists (PES Group) in the European Committee of the Regions. Read the call here!

Read the Progressive Post article by Christian Morabito Time for an EU Child guarantee: effective, inclusive and free, published when the European Commission presented a proposal to the EU Council for a Child Guarantee Council Recommendation.

FEPS Talks Podcast

Marie Louise Coleiro Preca, former President of Malta and current President of Eurochild and László AndorFEPS Secretary General

Dr. Maria Herczog, senior policy analyst at Institute for Human Services, Columbus, Ohio, and chair of the Family, Child, Youth Association in Budapest, Hungary and David Rinaldi, FEPS Director of Studies and Policy

FEPS UNited for... conferences, have been held since 2018 in New York ahead of the United Nations General Assembly. The main objective of this yearly initiative is to discuss, with international high level policymakers, experts and academics, the most important international issues at stake. The 2020 edition will explore how to achieve a new, fair and inclusive multilateralism. Previous editions have focused on migration and climate justice.

In 2019, FEPS was honoured to be granted Special Consultative Status to the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the highest status granted by the UN to non-governmental organisations, thus allowing it to participate in the work of the UN.

Due to the COVID Pandemic and following the modality of the 2020 UN General Assembly, United For a New Multilateralsim will take place online.

2020 - UNited for a New Multilateralism: The project / Online International Conference

2019 - UNited for Climate Justice: The project/ Presentation in New York/ Event report and related files

2018 - UNited for a Different Migration: The project/ Presentation in New York/ Event report and related files