Ahead of the upcoming climate summit in New York in September FEPS together with its partners is setting up a steering committee in order to be able to reflect on and test ideas of guiding proposals to be presented on this topic.

The group will be chaired by Teresa Ribera, Minister for the ecological transition in Spain and will bring together expert policy advisers, political representatives, civil society activists, academics and other key stakeholders in the climate justice debate. 

10th -11th April - First meeting of the steering committee in Madrid

24th – 25th June - Second meeting in Brussels

20th September - Third and final meeting with high-level side event open to the public in New York

FEPS with the support of the Fondation Jean-Jaurès, the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung New York office, Foundation Max van der Stoel, fundación Pablo Iglesias and the Environment and Development Resource Centre (EDRC).

Climate change is gaining more understanding and thus more prominence in worldwide debates. The Paris agreement brought international agreement to a clear objective. Since then the IPCC report published last autumn warned that there is a crucial twelve-year window of opportunity for action against global warming to be effective. Nevertheless influential actors still threaten to derail these agreements and negate the science of climate change.

In Europe we are witnessing social challenges in regards to climate change; the ‘gilets jaunes’ movement in France has brought about social unrest, based on inequalities but the introduction of a diesel tax was the catalyst. Indeed populists are now commandeering the issue and taking it off track; there is resistance to transition from declining industries such as coal, despite many people recognising that the industry is economically viable and is a major contributor to dangerously high levels of air pollution in cities. Many people in influential positions are already banking against climate issues, favouring a narrative of jobs and economy for today, climate later. Worryingly these political movements are expected to achieve a good result in the European elections, changing the political landscape in Brussels and the agenda setting of the Union which has always been a key actor in climate policy.

Internationally the current Presidents of the USA and Brazil are case examples illustrating already the extent of the destruction that is possible, when bypassing the objectives of the Paris agreement; all to the detriment of the most vulnerable in society and those least able to oppose the policies. Moreover they are also usually the ones who have contributed least to climate change. Another pertinent example is the drying up of Lake Chad. There is still no common climate strategy in the region of Lake Chad or policies of how to allocate the water in the region.

Interestingly the World Economic Forum in Davos again this year recognised that climate risk is a top issue however the response to address this is insufficient.

Climate change is affecting our biodiversity, weather patterns, agriculture etc and is increasing security issues. Droughts, forest fires and flooding are becoming more common and it is wreaking havoc on our societies and our natural environment.

As Secretary General Antonio Guterres expressed at the COP 24“Climate change is the defining issue of our time and now is the defining moment to do something about it.” People are suffering the consequences of climate change already and many are calling for urgent action. Progressives need to be prepared and offer sound policies.

Opportunity for Progressives:

Defending social justice, fighting inequalities and caring for our common well-being are traditional progressive values. Despite having a decent record of implementing climate policies on paper compared to other political movements[1], there is still a lot that progressives could have done and still choose not to. They need to do more if they are to ensure that they are the most credible and well-placed movement able to harness the right narrative and bring about effective change for people and planet.

Climate Justice therefore is a key endeavour of our times and progressives need to be leading on this issue, even more so against the current civil society backdrop which is calling for more and urgent climate action. Consequently Progressives should be setting the agenda on this, the opportunity is New York, this September 2019.

Therefore FEPS, as the Progressive European foundation will hold a high-level conference on the fringe of the United Nations General Assembly entitled “UNited for Climate Justice” on 20th September 2019. In order to prepare for this a reflection group or steering committee will be brought together which will help identify a guiding set of proposals to be presented there.

Climate Justice:

The concept of climate justice frames climate change as a political and ethical issue.

It recognises that environmental injustice stems from social and economic injustices within our societies. The fact that it is the most fragile and vulnerable, the most marginalised and disadvantaged who are affected most by climate change and the least able to deal with its consequences. Furthermore it considers climate change is further exacerbating already existing inequalities. The idea is to consider the fairness of this often disproportionate impact of climate change on different sectors of our societies in both developed and developing parts of the world. It acknowledges that sustainable choices are not accessible to all equally.

Existing data proves there is a direct link that disasters affect the most fragile states most of all and fragility affects where disasters happen. There are limitations to the current political responses to rising climate instability and the need for systemic change if we are to truly address the issue.

The meaning and definition of climate justice has various strands and interpretations, with two main approaches; the main difference being about who bears the responsibility of polluting, i.e. the ‘industrialised north’ and developed or newly-developed countries, contrasting with who are the victims, i.e. the poor ‘global south’. Then the questions about burden-sharing, prevention and having effective capacities to adapt come into play. Whether the burden should be equal or whether a higher amount of responsibility should be accepted by those parties who have polluted more and are better equipped to deal with the challenges and whether they should provide more to help the global south to be better adapted.

There is also of course a legal element to this debate about legal justice and litigation on climate-related issues. This is something that is gaining much more ground in recent years with some positive examples and developments in the legal arena.

Whilst acknowledging these varying strands of climate justice theory this initiative will mainly focus on how to bring about key changes that will raise ambition, financing and help create long-term, solid and holistic ambition, this in responsibility-bearing states but also by empowering and enabling more capacities in an equal manner globally.

Focus of the initiative:

The substance of this initiative aims to bring about fresh-thinking into the core of this debate. The fundamental objective is to create a sound narrative of raising notably political ambition on climate action. The approach should be holistic and global-orientated with key policy proposals and guidelines as the output. It should be above-all, forward-looking. Yet it also needs to answer to the urgency of the current situation. Viable policies and alternatives should be brought forward and tested.

As a progressive political foundation FEPS can offer a space that enables different stakeholders to come together; academics, policy experts with civil society, political representatives and other various stakeholders.

The discussions should consider commitment and accountability, political leadership where momentum can come from, how to move from analysis to action and how to ensure sustained leadership. How to avoid talking and acting in silos and move to a multi-disciplinary approach and how to share the knowledge in a multidisciplinary approach. Having in mind that this is not intended to be about duplication or about creating new tools, it is about enhancing existing ones and using them better.

The summit itself will play a big role in keeping momentum alive; scaling-up ambition and continuing to work together to stop the climate issue being derailed. There will be some importance given to speaking with a common voice, with a common plan forward on the international stage in New York. Climate security may also be a large part of the discussions but it’s not yet clear what place it will have on the agenda at the September summit.

Initiative framework:

With the support of Secretary General of the United Nations, Antonio Guterres FEPS was advised to set up an annual fringe event in the framework of the UN General Assembly, which takes place annually in New York in September. FEPS carried out its first initiative of this kind last year, 2018 and the topic was on migration. The steering committee and the proposals gave successful output in helping ensure the migration compact came about. This year and especially considering there will be an extraordinary summit for climate change on the 23rd September, FEPS decided to hold its annual UN fringe conference on the topic of climate change. The title will be “UNited for Climate Justice”. This will be done with the support of several partners; the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung New York, the Fondation Jean-Jaurès, Foundation Max van der Stoel, fundación Pablo Iglesias and the Environment and Development Resource Centre (EDRC).

 


[1] Prof. R Ladrech, 2017 https://www.feps-europe.eu/Assets/Publications/PostFiles/466_1.pdf

With Istituto Affari Internazionali

This research project will firstly analyze the factors underpinning good governance in the Sahel, and secondly will consider how the quality of governance is influenced by and can affect the management of demographic changes, climate change and mobility.

After an overview of good governance practices in the Sahel, the first part of the project will investigate these dynamics through specific case studies and approaches. The first will analyze governance, climate change and security challenges in the Lake Chad Basin area. The second case study will focus on assessing the impact of climate change, mobility and demographic change on women and girls in the region. Then, the last working stream will investigate on demographic changes and mobility in Niger. Finally, the second part of the project will focus on the role of the EU and the foreign powers in the region.

The project foresees a number of activities including the publication of a volume, and the organisation of a series of outreach and dissemination activities. An international conference in Burkina Faso will develop policy recommendations addressed to different international actors. Further promotional activities will aim at the dissemination of these policy recommendations.

With Istituto Affari Internazionali

The regional order that prevailed in the Middle East since the end of the Cold War has come under increased strain as a result of the 2003 US-led invasion and occupation of Iraq and the consequent unraveling of regional balances, leading to the collapse of regimes, explosions of popular demonstrations, the expansion of non-state and quasi-state actors and resurgent foreign and regional meddling.

These challenges have invested Europe in an unprecedented way in a moment in which the capacity of the continent and of its national and supra-national institutions is constrained by inward-looking tendencies and mounting divisions and disagreements among member states. Against this backdrop of rising trends of conflictual multipolarity, discussions on the need to revamp multilateral security dialogue among key regional and international actors involved in the Middle East have taken on a new urgency. In particular, debates on a potential ‘Regional Dialogue Forum’ and the role of Iran and other regional players on the regional chessboard have multiplied.

This project, launched in April 2018 and due to finish in June 2019, is implemented by the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and Istituto Affari Internationali in Rome. It entails the drafting of four thematic reports and one final strategy paper. Each paper will be authored by a prominent European, Iranian or Middle Eastern expert. The project will also have a strong outreach component in the form of study visits. A concluding conference is foreseen to take place in Brussels presenting and discussing the findings of the research.

 

with Istituto Affari Internazionali

The EUGS Watch project – launched by the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS) and Istituto Affari Internazionali – aims at critically assessing how the goals included in the Strategy are translating into action.

Progress in the implementation of the five EUGS priorities (Security of our Union; State and Societal Resilience; An Integrated Approach to Conflicts and Crises; Cooperative Regional Orders; Global Governance for the 21st Century) and their related initiatives will be assessed quarterly through analyses at the institutional, political, and operational level.

The EUGS Watch issues will be published online both by IAI and FEPS. The project will end in the spring of 2019. A final policy paper with a list of policy recommendations in view of the next European Parliament election will be presented in a public conference to be held in Brussels.

Publications related:

Revamping CSDP Partnerships in the Shadow of Brexit. By Nicole Koenig

Supporting global governance: A rules-based approach for a post- liberal order? By Hylke Dijkstra

The EUGS and Russian hybrid warfare: effective implementation but insufficient resultsBy Maria Giulia Amadio Vicer

Toward the New Multiannual Financial Framework: Fuel for the EU Global Strategy and Development Cooperation? By Bernardo Venturi

The EU and NATO: A Partnership with a Glass Ceiling. By Nicole Koenig

Is the EU lost at sea? The EUGS and the implementation of a joined-up approach to migration. By Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré

The EU Global Strategy and the MENA Region: In Search of Resilience. By Andrea Dessì

Beyond the Civilian Compact: Why we need to talk about civilian capabilities. By Hylke Dijkstra

Happy Birthday to the EUGS? The EU and the Western Balkans two years on. By Maria Giulia Amadio Viceré

Security and Defence: A Glass Half Full. By Nicole Koenig

Implementing the integrated approach: Investing in other international organisations. By Hylke Dijkstra 

A joined-up Union in counterterrorism and public diplomacy: Let’s stay on the right track! By Lorenzo Vai

Migrations, asylum, war, economic growth, global crisis, financial markets, employment, social development, as well as media, arts, history, welfare and social investments, institutions, health, climate change and environment are all gendered phenomena. A gender perspective cuts through all the most pressing issues that the EU faces today and in the foreseeable future, and a progressive approach to virtually all European policies requires taking the gender dimension into consideration.

The FEPS-Economia civile Minerva project deepens our knowledge of gender issues in the socio-economic domain through a multi-disciplinary and progressive approach. Such an endeavour is especially timely for two reasons. On the one hand, since the crisis of 2008 the position and role of women has considerably changed, and continues to do so in ways that require much more investigation.[1] On the other hand, the crisis – which is not just financial and not fully over yet – offers invaluable opportunities for radical change, including the potential to advance equality for women and men.[2]

A non-exhaustive list of topics under investigation includes:

Gender, families and social policy;

Globalisation, migrations, and demographic change;

Paid and unpaid work, quality employment and discrimination;

Crisis, finance and microfinance;

Human, social and economic rights.

The project aims at both expanding our knowledge on these topics as well as contributing to the design and implementation of effective progressive policies.

Related activities: 

SEMINAR: February 6th 2018, h. 11:00, Eurydice Fotopoulou, The role of gender equality in a sustainable development strategy.

SEMINAR: February 15th 2018, h. 16:00, Valeria Cirillo, Marcella Corsi, Carlo D’Ippoliti, “Gender, class and the crisis”

SEMINAR: May 28th 2018, h. 10:30, Giulia Porino, Adam Chalmers, “Banking on gender diversity: A statistical analysis of the determinants of diversity in bank’s boardrooms

PANEL: June 19th 2018, IAFFE conference, SUNY New Paltz (USA) “Bodies and markets: Ethical arguments and choices

PRESENTATION: July 5th 2018, 20th Anniversary Conference of the Association for Heterodox Economics, De Montfort University, Leicester (UK), Fabrizio Botti, Marcella Corsi, “The populist policy of decency as a post-68 governance model of the economic crisis in Italy

 


[1] Bettio F., Corsi M., D’Ippoliti C., Lyberaki A., Lodovici M.S. and Verashchagina A. (2012), The impact of the economic crisis on the situation of women and men and on gender equality policies. Luxembourg: European Commission.

[2] Corsi M. (2014), Towards a Pink New Deal, Foundation for European Progressive Studies, Brussels.