Demographic Change and Migration in Europe

Historical data and projections presented in this policy brief reveal that Europe faces serious challenges from a complex interplay between demographic change, migration, weak growth and productivity and unemployment.
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Unemployment is a greater threat than demographics

As populations age, the ratio of old people to the young rises, putting pressure on health services and pensions. In many countries, the size of the working population has passed its peak. In others, declines in the working-age population are prevented only by the arrival of younger immigrants.
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Spanish recovery offers little hope for youth

Once the new Spanish government is formed, it will be confronted by enormous challenges. An immediate issue will be the budget deficit, which is expected to be around 5.2 per cent in 2015 and 3.6 per cent in 2016.

The Populist Danger in the U.S. and in Europe

This policy brief focuses on the 2016 US Presidential Election. It makes an attempt at grasping the transatlantic phenomenon of “Populism”, in light of the November 8th election in the US, but also with an eye to the recent rise of populism in Germany.