Recognising the immense importance of encouraging and sustaining the newly found impetus in the cooperation between the European Union and the Islamic Republic of Iran, FEPS has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Institute for Political and International Studies (IPIS) of Iran.
President Zuma’s refusal to resign despite a verdict by the South African Constitutional Court, which ruled that he had failed to uphold, defend and respect the Constitution, started a heated discussion about the ANC.
The paper investigates the effects of changes in the distribution of income and wealth on private aggregate demand, which consists of consumption, investment and net exports. Estimates are based on a panel of 12 EU countries covering the period 1980-2011.
Right across Europe, mainstream political parties are in retreat. New currents on left and right are confronting the political establishment, and forcing social democrats to face up to some existential questions.
Declining or stagnant wages, the attitude of the European Commission and beneficial tax systems for capital lead on several levels to a weakening position not only of middle and lower class interests but also their institutionalized representatives, i.e. trade unions and progressive parties.